UAE to Implement Mandatory E-Invoicing System⸺The United Arab Emirates (UAE) has introduced a mandatory electronic invoicing system for businesses. Thus, all businesses operating in the UAE must transition to electronic invoicing. A new policy is encouraging businesses to adopt e-invoicing, the electronic exchange of invoices. This can help businesses improve efficiency, transparency, and compliance in a way that is practical and economical. E-invoices eliminate the risk of lost or damaged paper invoices and are more secure and less prone to errors.

The Ministry of Finance and the Federal Tax Authority are jointly developing a cutting-edge electronic billing system that will automate tax return filing. Consequently, this will simplify the process of filing tax returns and reduce the likelihood of tax evasion. The project divides the project into several phases and sets a number of objectives.

Defining Electronic Invoice 

E-invoicing is the electronic exchange of invoices, which can streamline business processes and reduce administrative costs. However, mandatory e-invoicing can impose a disproportionate burden on small businesses and independent contractors, who may not have the resources to comply with the new requirements.

E-Invoice Prerequisites  

The United Arab Emirates has established a value-added tax (VAT) regulation that enables businesses to use electronic invoices, on the other hand, it does not require them to do so. Buyers do not need to consent to use electronic invoices.

The Federal Law No. 1 of 2006 on Electronic Commerce and Transactions is a comprehensive legal framework that provides for the use of electronic records, documents, and signatures in electronic commerce and transactions in the United Arab Emirates (UAE). In addition, the law sets out the requirements for electronic signatures and ensures that electronic communications are authentic, reliable, and secure.

The law applies to other electronic transactions, including the creation, filing, and preservation of electronic documents. The law also enables the use of electronic signatures in government procurement and other public sector transactions.

The law promotes the use of electronic commerce and transactions in the UAE. This provides a legal framework that businesses and individuals can rely on when conducting electronic transactions.

Obliged to Use E-Invoice

The United Arab Emirates does not have a mandatory e-invoicing requirement. However, the Federal Tax Authority (FTA) has announced plans to implement a mandatory e-invoicing system in the near future. The FTA has not yet released a list of businesses that will be required to use e-invoicing, it is expected that the requirement will apply to businesses with a certain level of turnover. The Federal Tax Authority has not yet announced when mandatory e-invoicing will be implemented, although it is expected to be within the next few years.

Format Standard & Benefits 

The required format of UAE to implement mandatory e-invoicing system is not yet finalized, however, it is expected to be similar to the format of e-invoices in other countries. The e-invoice format will be based on the United Nations Centre for Trade Facilitation and Electronic Business (UN/CEFACT) e-invoice standard, which is a global standard for electronic invoicing. May also include some additional fields that are specific to the UAE tax regulations. The specific requirements for the e-invoice format that will be released by the Ministry of Finance in due course.

The use of the UN/CEFACT e-invoice standard offers

  • Global compatibility: Businesses can use it to exchange invoices with businesses in other countries

  • Security: Ensures the authenticity and integrity of the invoice

  • Businesses must store invoices in a secure and reliable manner. The storage system must be protected from unauthorized access, alteration, or destruction. The storage system must be compliant with the UAE tax regulations and must be able to:

    • Read and display the invoices in a human-readable format

    • Allow for the easy retrieval of invoices

    • Ensure the authenticity and integrity of the invoices

    • Businesses must store invoices for at least 5 years. This is the period of time that the UAE tax authorities require businesses to keep their invoices

Businesses can start preparing for the mandatory archiving requirements by storing their e-invoices in a secure and reliable manner. Here are some additional tips for archiving e-invoices in the UAE:

    • Use a cloud-based storage solution that is compliant with the UAE tax regulations

    • Use a secure password to protect your e-invoices

    • Back up e-invoices regularly

Paperless Strategy 

Like the compass guiding the way, taking a leading role in the global shift towards a paperless future, a comprehensive approach to this transformation, therefore, includes investing in digital infrastructure, promoting the use of e-services, educating the public, and enacting legislation, committed to reducing its reliance on paper-based processes. This digital transformation is having a profound impact on various sectors, from businesses and government agencies to education and healthcare.

The shift towards digitalization is not only making government services more efficient and accessible, it is helping to create a more sustainable future. Therefore, the UAE is conserving natural resources and reducing pollution. Promoting the use of e-services to make it easier for citizens and businesses to interact with the government electronically. This includes online payments, electronic filing, and electronic signatures. As a result, these e-services making it accessible for citizens and businesses to access government services and conduct transactions without the need for paper. Digitalization is making it easier for businesses to operate and compete in the global marketplace.

Additionally, the paperless transformation is a bold and ambitious undertaking, yet it is one that is well worth pursuing. The benefits of digitalization are clear, and the UAE is well-positioned to lead the way in this field.

The UAE government encourages businesses to adopt electronic invoicing, digital record-keeping, and e-signatures, all of which not only streamline processes but also reduce operational costs and support eco-friendly practices.


To put it simply, mandatory e-invoicing requirements can offer many benefits, but they can also pose significant challenges for small businesses and independent contractors. As such, it is important for policymakers to carefully consider the potential effects of mandatory e-invoicing on these groups and to take steps to mitigate any negative impacts. This may include providing resources and support to help smaller organizations in the UAE to implement mandatory e-invoicing system and comply with regulations, as well as considering exemptions or alternative compliance options for certain types of businesses or transactions.


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